Whether you’re looking to upgrade your existing computer or are looking to build a new one, you’ll want to know about computer hardware. You’ll want to make sure you’re getting all of the parts you need to make your computer run smoothly. This includes your operating system, your processor, your main memory and your secondary memory. You’ll also want to know about your keyboard, mouse, printer, sound system, and your power supply.
Keyboard, mouse, printer, sound system
Identifying the hardware is a relative easy task. The main components of a desktop computer include the CPU, RAM, hard disk, motherboard, optical disk drive, keyboard, mouse, monitor and speaker. It also includes peripherals such as printer, mobile devices, telephony and networking.
The CPU is the brains behind the gizmo. It has two basic functions, one is to run the system’s operating system and the other is to handle the tasks required to run the computer. The CPU has several components, including the miliar transistor kecil.
Solid-state drive (SSD)
Compared to hard drives (HDDs), SSDs are much smaller, faster and more cost effective. They can also improve gaming and media creation performance. Using a SSD as an internal or external drive can increase the productivity and reliability of your computer.
SSDs are used in computer hardware, digital music players, digital cameras, and smartphones. They cache hot requests from hard drives and provide quicker response times. The storage device is also used in digital music players and laptops.
Removable drive (ODD)
Using removable storage is convenient because it allows you to remove your data from your computer system while it is running. This is particularly useful when transferring data between two computers. Removable drives come in a wide range of forms, including USB flash drives, Blu-ray disk drives, and DVDs.
Some flash drives come with an LED for indicating the drive is plugged in and accessible. This may be useful if you want to know the drive is working properly.
Usually, a computer motherboard is connected to a desktop computer’s case. It contains several components, such as the central processing unit (CPU), memory chips, and interface cards. These components allow the CPU to run software and interact with other hardware.
The motherboard is one of the most important components of a modern computer. It controls the amount of power and data that passes through the circuit board, which in turn allows the CPU and other system components to function. It also manages the communications between systems.
Among the many components that make up a computer, a processor plays a key role. It carries out the most basic arithmetic operations and allocates commands to other components.
A processor is usually a small device. It performs logical operations and I/O operations. It also interprets most computer commands. It can be found in many modern electronic devices, including PCs, tablets, and smartphones.
A processor is usually integrated into a single chip. It is composed of four basic elements: an arithmetic logic unit (ALU), a control unit, a memory management unit (MM), and a processor execution unit (PE). Each part of the CPU is activated to carry out instructions.
Interrupt Request Lines (IRQ)
IRQ (Interrupt Request Line) is a hardware line that is used to send an interrupt signal to the microprocessor when a device needs attention. It is often used by sound cards and mouse movement, but not all devices require an IRQ.
The CPU has a protected mode table called the Interrupt Descriptor Table (IDT). The IDT can hold up to 256 entries. Each entry is assigned a number and a priority. The CPU jumps to code entry when an interrupt is detected.
Power supply unit (PSU)
Generally, a power supply unit (PSU) is an electronic device that converts mains AC to DC voltages and then delivers power to a computer, laptop, or other electronic device. Power supply units can be used for a wide variety of tasks, such as constructing computers, playing games, and performing other tasks.
Power supply units have different features, including:
Multi-rail PSUs: This type of PSU has multiple voltage rails. Each of these rails will be used by different components of the system. For example, a PCI network card will draw power from the +5 V rail, while a CPU fan will draw power from the +12 V rail.
Unlike primary memory, secondary memory in computer hardware is non-volatile. It stores data permanently even when the computer is switched off. It is also less expensive than primary memory. However, there are some disadvantages.
Secondary memory is also known as backup storage. This type of storage is used to store data that can be used in the event of a power failure. It is also used to store data that is needed for a long time.
Operating system (OS)
Basically, an operating system is a set of special programs that work together to make your computer function properly. In addition, they also provide common services for other computer programs. They also act as an interface between software and hardware.
Operating systems are important for all computers. They manage memory, file management, and hardware. They also protect against unauthorized access and manage data. In addition, they provide a command line interface.